Summary findings of a study conducted to quantify the economic contribution of fair use to the US economy.
This paper discusses informal scholarly communication in the humanities; ways in which information technology can influence the content of scholarly communication without necessarily changing its outward forms; and an emerging genre of scholarly communication in the humanities, one that is native to the Web, and raises some interesting challenges for the disciplines. Presented at "Scholarly Tribes and Tribulations: How Tradition and Technology Are Driving Disciplinary Change," October 17, 2003.
In 2003, ARL convened a group of scholars, librarians, information technologists, and administrators to explore how the disciplines and sub-disciplines are approaching the use of technology.
This paper addresses some of the strategic issues that relate to the traditional system of scholarly communication by looking at changes in informal and formal communication between scholars and scientists and at emerging spaces that scholars are using to conduct and to disseminate the results of their research. Originally presented at e-Workshops on Scholarly Communication in the Digital Era, August 11-24, 2003. Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, it was preliminary reading for the Scholarly Tribes and Tribulations conference in October 2003.
Addresses changes to Section 108 of the Copyright Act due to passage of the Digital Millenium Copyright Act.
Bibliography of author rights resources compiled by ARL and SPARC.
Statistics, trends, and description of current interlibrary loan (ILL) practices in ARL libraries.
Until this 1998 survey, no systematic data had been collected on special collections in ARL libraries for nearly 20 years. The results of this survey provide a snapshot of these collections at the end of the twentieth century and identify areas for further investigation.
This 2001 document is designed to demonstrate the use of sampling to obtain accurate information about a library collection. Two research projects are explicitly described; the sampling methodology as described can be adapted for use in other situations and projects.
Use of the Likert scale in the ARL Survey of Regional and ARL Selective Federal Depository Libraries provides a current snapshot of Regional and Selective Depository Libraries. Regional respondents were asked to respond to 21 statements, Selectives were asked to respond to 19 statements.
This survey was sent to all ARL Selective Depository Libraries and to all Regional Depository Libraries (the majority of which are also ARL Libraries). It was designed to enable ARL to study the current problems, successes, and future of the Federal Depository Library Program with a total concentration on research libraries. The Likert scale discussed here provides us with a current snapshot of both types of Depository Libraries.
Use of the Likert scale in the ARL Survey of Regional and ARL Selective Federal Depository Libraries provides a current snapshot of Regional Depository Libraries. Regional respondents were asked to respond to 21 statements.
Use of the Likert scale in the ARL Survey of ARL Selective Federal Depository Libraries provides a current snapshot of Selecive Depository Libraries. Selectives respondents were asked to respond to 19 statements.
This document, prepared by the Association of American Publishers, the Association of American Universities, the Association of American University Presses, and the Association of Research Libraries, is intended to present a basic explanation of copyright law with an emphasis on its application to colleges and universities.
On August 11, 2005, Google announced that it would not scan copyrighted books under its Print Library Project until November, so that publishers could decide whether they want to opt their in-copyright books out of the project. Given the confusion in press reports describing the project, publishers should carefully study exactly what Google intends to do and understand the relevant copyright issues. This understanding should significantly diminish any anxiety publishers possess about the project.
The Section 108 Study Group released a Background Paper and requested comments on issues relating to library and archival exceptions under Section 108. The library community provided written and oral statements to the Study Group. Based on the additional input from the library community, the responses in this document provide greater detail and in some instances, clarify the earlier statements filed in conjunction with the March Roundtables and the request for comment by the Study Group.
The American Library Association and the Association of Research Libraries convened a workshop to consider and receive additional input from members of the library and archival communities regarding the deliberations of the Section 108 Study Group. The Section 108 Study Group is examining the exceptions and limitations available to libraries and archives under Section 108 of the Copyright Act and considering changes to better meet the needs of libraries and archives in the digital environment.
In response to issues raised by initiatives such as the National Digital Information Infrastructure and Preservation Program (NDIIPP), in spring 2005 the U.S. Copyright Office and the Library of Congress convened the Section 108 Study Group. The Study Group is charged to investigate whether Section 108 of the Copyright Act, which grants exceptions to libraries and archives, should be updated to better address the use of digital technologies and networked-based resources.
This is the final report of the ARL Special Collections Task Force, chaired by Joe Hewitt. The task force was charged with advancing a seven-point action plan. The final status report summarizes the task force’s activities. An addendum recommends further actions to be taken.
ARL Strategic Directions Steering Committee Topical Briefing, presented at the 147th ARL Membership Meeting, October 2005.
In order to identify those small molecules that will have the greatest effect on a disease or biological process, NIH will soon be awarding grants to a number of academic centers throughout the United States that will constitute the Molecular Libraries Screening Center Network (MLSCN). Critical to the success of this initiative and the work of the Centers is PubChem, a publicly available database that includes information about the biological activities of chemical compounds.
Recent circuit-level decisions in Chamberlain v. Skylink and Lexmark v. Static Control Components interpreted the Digital Millenium Copyright Act in a manner that will prevent its use to restrict legitimate competition in after-market components. By placing on plaintiffs the burden of proving intent to infringe copyright, judges on both panels not only dictate the correct outcome in these cases, but also provided defendants in other cases a way to short-circuit litigation when infringement is nowhere to be seen. Published in Electronic & Commerce Law Vol. 9 No. 45 (November 2004).
Responding to data gathered by the 1998 Survey of Special Collections in ARL Libraries and anecdotal evidence, the ARL Task Force on Special Collections investigated issuesrelated to education and training needs for careers in special collections. The resulting white paper considersthe scope of need, surveys the current environment, and proposes recommended strategies and action items for ARL and other organizations and groups.
Using data from more than 400 legal serials, Mark McCabe estimates the impact of six publisher mergers on law serial prices during the period 1990–2000. The results suggest that merger-related price increases were substantial during this period, even after accounting for secular price trends.
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This paper was prepared in 2004 at the request of the ARL Preservation Committee to facilitate the development and implementation of policies, standards, guidelines, and best practices in using digitization for reformatting purposes.
Keynote Address, delivered at "Scholarly Tribes and Tribulations: How Tradition and Technology Are Driving Disciplinary Change," Washington, DC, October 17, 2003
Preliminary notes about the ARL Survey of Regional and ARL Selective Depository Libraries in the FDLP.
On behalf of the ARL Task Force on Special Collections, UIUC's Barbara Jones prepared this white paper that lays out the problem, the opportunities, and some recommendations for how ourcommunities might proceed to expose hidden special collections and encourage their use.
In this paper, the Information Access Alliance (Alliance) describes the issues that have emerged as the industry has become increasingly concentrated and advocates for a new standard of antitrust review that we urge be adopted by state and federal antitrust enforcement agencies in examining merger transactions in the serials publishing industry.