Every year, the federal government funds tens of billions of dollars in basic and applied research with the expectation that the results will accelerate the pace of scientific discovery, stimulate innovation, and improve the public good. These research results typically are reported in articles published in a wide variety of academic journals. However, the high cost of journal subscriptions and restrictive licensing terms severely limits public access to these articles. Because U.S. taxpayers underwrite this research, they have a right to expect its dissemination and use will be maximized.
Deepening our understanding of our nation and its culture and history, advancing scientific discovery, tackling environmental, economic issues, and more, all depend on scientists, researchers, students, scholars, and members of the public accessing our nation's cultural, historical, and scientific assets. A large-scale initiative to digitize and preserve the public domain collections of library, governmental, and cultural memory organizations will support research, teaching, and learning at all levels, will help stem the current economic crisis by equipping and employing workers in every state with 21st Century skills, and it will lay a foundation for innovation and national competitiveness in the decades ahead. The goal is to establish a universal, open library or a digital data commons.
Statement from the The Library Copyright Alliance (LCA) regarding U.S. copyright policy.
The American Library Association (ALA) and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) submitted this statement for the record to the Senate Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee on the Constitution hearing titled, "Restoring the Rule of Law" held on September 16, 2008.
Analysis from ARL and SPARC asserting that the NIH Public Access Policy is fully consistent with the United States Copyright Act, has no relation to the Berne Convention and the TRIPS Agreement, is consistent with the trend among the United States' trading partners to make publicly funded research articles freely available on the Internet, and is fully consistent with the Administrative Procedures Act (APA).
The American Library Association (ALA) and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) submitted this statement for the record to the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing titled "FISA [Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act] Amendments: How to Protect Americans' Security and Privacy and Preserve the Rule of Law and Government Accountability" on October 31, 2007.
The American Library Association (ALA) and the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) (the "Libraries") seek language in the RESTORE Act and other FISA modernization proposals that ensures judicial review of law enforcement requests for library patron records or surveillance of library users through library networks.
The undersigned organizations are concerned about the current language for Critical Infrastructure Information in the Homeland Security Act of 2002, which contains ambiguous definitions that could unintentionally allow companies to keep broad categories of information secret and provisions that restrict the government's ability to use the information.
The Protect America Act (PAA) has broad implications for libraries and library users. As Congress considers amending the Act prior to its sunset, the library community (the "LC") asks that its interest, and those of its users, be protected in the final bill language by requiring a warrant from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court ("FISC") to access the facilities of, or to obtain other information from, libraries in the United States.
Collectively ARL libraries hold more than 470 million print volumes. These works are complemented by many digital works and special collections. Preservation has long been an area of significant activity both for ARL and its member libraries. In 2007, the ARL Task Force on the Future of Preservation in Research Libraries convened a group of preservation experts and association leaders who issued a set of recommendations for ARL, associations sharing ARL’s preservation concerns, and ARL member libraries. This statement, approved by the ARL Board of Directors on July 24, 2007, expresses the emphasis the task force sees for research libraries and their preservation mission: “For the scholars and researchers we serve to have enduring access to scholarship in all formats, ARL members libraries must invest in maintaining strong local and cooperative preservation programs.”
Statement from ARL, SPARC, and ALA refuting the argument of several publishers of scientific, technical, and medical (STM) journals who argued that proposed legislative changes to the NIH Public Access Policy would violate U.S. treaty obligations under Article 13 of TRIPS and Article 9 of the Berne Convention, and potentially constitute a "compulsory license."
Orphan works are works whose copyright owners cannot be identified and located. Libraries and archives possess millions of orphan works in their collections, in the form of photographs, letters, manuscripts, drawings, and older books. These works often have great historic and cultural significance. However, because the copyright owners cannot be located, libraries cannot obtain the rights holders' permission to make these works widely available to the public. This leaves libraries on the horns of a dilemma. Libraries can either disseminate the works and face the risk of the copyright owners demanding statutory damages and injunctive relief; or leave the works in archives, where few people can see them.
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) endorsed the recommendations made in the report, “E-Journal Archiving Metes and Bounds: A Survey of the Landscape,” written by Anne R. Kenney, Richard Entlich, Peter B. Hirtle, Nancy Y. McGovern, and Ellie L. Buckley, and published in 2006 by the Council on Library and Information Resources (CLIR). The ARL Board endorsed the recommendations in the CLIR report at its February 8–9, 2007, meeting in Washington, DC. This statement was released on February 14, 2007.
Library Copyright Alliance (LCA) press release in support of the introduction of the Freedom and Innovation Revitalizing US Entrepreneurship (FAIR USE) Act of 2007, HR 1201.
Senator Cornyn introduces the Federal Research Public Access Act of 2006, "legislation that will refine the work done by NIH and require that the federal government's leading underwriters of research adopt meaningful public access policies."
This statement arose out of a 2005 meeting of library leaders hosted by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and articulates four actions needed to support the development of qualified preservation archives for scholarly e-journals.
ARL has endorsed digitization as an accepted preservation reformatting option for a range of materials. This endorsement comes from the work of the ARL Preservation Committee, and this statement was released on July 20, 2004.
H.R. 107, the Digital Media Consumers' Rights Act, is needed to restore a proper balance in copyright law between the rights of copyright users and the rights of copyright owners--a balance that is essential to the future conduct of research and education in the digital age.
Press release announcing that a broad group of organizations and companies representing diverse sectors of the U.S. economy has come together to form a new organization, the Personal Technology Freedom Coalition.
Joint statement of industry and public interest.
Speaking on behalf of five of the nation's leading library organization—the American Association of Law Libraries, the American Library Association, the Association of Research Libraries, the Medical Library Association, and the Special Libraries Association—Prudence S. Adler, Associate Executive Director, ARL, voiced the opposition of the library community to the recently introduced "Database and Collections of Information Misappropriation Act" (H.R. 3261).
Statement from the ACLU regarding the The USA PATRIOT Act, passed by Congress shortly after September 11, 2001.
This statement of principles, "Research Libraries and the Commitment to Special Collections," was prepared by the ARL Task Force on Special Collections in December 2002 and endorsed by the ARL Board of Directors on February 6, 2003.
In this statement, approved by the ARL Board of Directors on May 24, 2002, the members of ARL reaffirm their commitment to preservation as one of the fundamental responsibilities of the research library community.
Library association statement in response to the September 11 terrorist attacks.
The "Tempe Principles" were agreed to by the undersigned individuals as a result of a meeting held in Tempe, Arizona, on March 2-4, 2000. Sponsored by the Association of American Universities, the Association of Research Libraries, and the Merrill Advanced Studies Center of the University of Kansas, the meeting was held to facilitate discussion among the various academic stakeholders in the scholarly publishing process and to build consensus on a set of principles that could guide the transformation of the scholarly publishing system.
Statement supporting the Library of Congress request of $428.1 million for FY 2001 (including the authority to obligate $33.6 million in receipts) representing an 11.4% increase in the Library's budget.
Statement supporting the Library budget request of $383.7 million, representing a 5.5% increase in the Library's budget.
Statement in support of the Library of Congress FY 1999 budget request
ARL and its partner library associations issued these principles in 1997 and then developed a series of workshops on licensing to introduce the library community to best practices in contract terms and negotiations.