HomeFocus AreasTelecommunications Policies

Fair Use

Briefing: Accessibility, the Chafee Amendment, and Fair Use

The Fifth Principle in the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries is entitled "Reproducing material for use by disabled students, faculty, staff, and other appropriate users." It describes in some detail the circumstances in which making and providing copies of collection materials in formats that are accessible to persons with disabilities constitutes fair use, as well as certain limitations to which that general principle is subject.

 
 

Issue Brief: Massive Open Online Courses - Legal and Policy Issues for Research Libraries (Oct. 22, 2012)

The advent of Massive Open Online Courses raises serious legal questions that in turn pose important and fundamental policy challenges for research libraries. As universities rush to find ways to add courses to emerging MOOC platforms, research libraries are being asked to take on new responsibilities (or new versions of old responsibilities) to support this new mode of teaching and learning.

pdf issuebrief-mooc-22oct12.pdf

 
 

Hon. Harold Baer, Jr. Decision in Authors Guild v HathiTrust (Oct. 10, 2012)

Before the Court are two motions for judgment on the pleadings and three motions for summary judgment.

pdf hathitrust-decision10oct12.pdf

 
 

Success of Fair Use Codes of Best Practices

Does the approach of creating a code of best practices, anchored in professional practice, actually work to expand the utility of fair use? What has happened to others who used codes of best practices to gain access to their rights? This document describes specific examples of success with using codes of best practice.

pdf fair-use-codes-success.pdf

 
 

Amici Curiae Brief in Support of Kirtsaeng

The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) joined the American Library Association (ALA) and the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL), who all work collectively as the Library Copyright Alliance (LCA), to file an amicus curiae brief with the Supreme Court of the United States in support of petitioner Supap Kirtsaeng in the case Kirtsaeng v. Wiley & Sons.

pdf lca-kirtsaeng-brief-3july2012.pdf

 
 

GSU Fair Use Decision Recap and Implications

On Friday, May 11, 2012, Judge Orinda Evans released her 350-page opinion in the copyright infringement lawsuit against Georgia State University. This memo summarizes the key rulings in the case and discusses some possible consequences for libraries generally.

pdf issue-brief-gsu-decision-15may12.pdf

 
 

Voluntary Consensus Standards and in Conformity Assessment Activities

This memo summarizes the key rulings in the Georgia State University (GSU) lawsuit and discusses some possible consequences for libraries generally.

pdf memo_gsudirectors_15may12.pdf

 
   

Authors Guild v. Hathi Trust Amicus Brief

In their motion for partial judgment on the pleadings, Plaintiffs in Authors Guild v. HathiTrust advance a radical and unprecedented interpretation of 17 U.S.C. § 108 that threatens the most routine library operations.

pdf amicus-hathi-trust-20apr12.pdf

 
     

Academic Research on Fair Use and Codes of Best Practices

Flyer discussing the advantages of an approach to determining fair use that is rooted in professional consensus, rather than (for example) negotiating standards with right holders or consulting legal experts.

pdf fair-use-code-academic-research.pdf

 
 

Fair Use and Education: The Way Forward

The ability to make reasonable "fair use" of copyrighted material is both economically and culturally important to the enterprise of education. In asserting fair use, teachers, librarians, and others cannot rely on a claim of "educational exceptionalism," for which there is no clear basis in U.S. Copyright law. Instead, they should seek to take advantage of current trends in copyright caselaw, including the marked trend toward preferring uses that are "transformative," where the amount of content used is appropriate to the transformative purpose. Over twenty years, we have accumulated considerable information about what constitutes "transformativeness," and members of the education community are well-positioned to provide persuasive narratives explaining how educational uses significantly repurpose and add value to the copyrighted content they incorporate. Published in Law & Literature, Vol. 24 No. 3 (Fall 2012).

pdf jaszi-education-and-fair-use.pdf

 
   

The Law of Fair Use and the Illusion of Fair-Use Guidelines

Several "official" and formal guidelines that attempt to define the scope of fair use for specific applications—notably for education, research, and library services—have emerged in the years since passage of the Copyright Act of 1976. Although some interested parties and some governmental agencies have welcomed these guidelines, none of them ever has had the force of law. This article analyzes the origins of guidelines, the various governmental documents and court rulings that reference the guidelines, and the substantive content of the guidelines themselves to demonstrate that in fact the guidelines bear little relationship, if any, to the law of fair use.

pdf fair-use-code-crews.pdf

 
     

Code of Best Practices in Fair Use: Designing the Public Domain

This Note from the Harvard Law Review organizes research on pro-social motivation around the motivation-fostering effects of empowerment, community, and fairness. By incorporating these norms into the cultural architecture of the public domain, we can promote greater information production at less cost than by relying solely on the intellectual property system's traditional tools of exclusion.

pdf fair-use-code-harvard.pdf

 
 

Code of Best Practices in Fair Use: Fair Use and Research Libraries

Discusses copyright and its problems, why librarians need useable fair use, and the Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries

pdf fair-use-code-slides-lib.pdf

 
   

USPTO Position on Fair Use of Copies of NPL Made in Patent Examination

Memorandum from Bernard J. Knight, Jr. discussing the application of the fair use doctrine to the use of non-patent literature (NPL) in the patent examination process.

pdf fair-use-code-uspto.pdf

 
 

Accessibility, The Chafee Amendment, and Fair Use

Flyer discussing fair use and the reproduction of material for use by disabled students, faculty, staff, and other appropriate users.

pdf Code-brief-chaffee-amendment-2012.pdf

 
 

You Can't Be Too Careful: The Cost of Conservatism to Academic and Research Librarians' Mission

Argues the value of the Code of Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries to help librarians determine fair use guidelines for their institutions.

pdf fair-use-code-cost-of-conservatism.pdf

 
     

Research Library Issues, no. 275 (June 2011): Report of the Task Force on International Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery Practices

RLI issue 275 includes:

  • Report of the Task Force on International Interlibrary Loan and Document Delivery Practices
  • White Paper: International Interlibrary Loan
  • White Paper: US Law and International Interlibrary Loan
  • White Paper: Trends in Licensing
 
 

Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic Libraries

This is a code of best practices in fair use devised specifically by and for the academic and research library community. It enhances the ability of librarians to rely on fair use by documenting the considered views of the library community about best practices in fair use, drawn from the actual practices and experience of the library community itself.

A PDF is available here pdf code-of-best-practices-fair-use.pdf

Print copies are also available for $2.00 each plus shipping & handling. Order from ARL Publications.

 
 

Research Library Issues, no. 273 (Dec. 2010)

RLI issue 273 includes:

  • Three Key Public Policies for Research Libraries: Net Neutrality, Fair Use, Open and Public Access
  • The Importance of Net Neutrality to Research Libraries in the Digital Age
  • Challenges in Employing Fair Use in Academic and Research Libraries
  • Public Access to Federally Funded Research: Contributions to Economic Development, Competitiveness, and Innovation
 
 

Letter to Tracey L. Armstrong re: Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) underwriting litigation (Nov. 11, 2010)

Letter expressing ARL's disappointment with the decision by the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) to underwrite 50% of the plaintiffs' costs in the litigation by three publishers against Georgia State University.

pdf lt-ccc-gsu-11nov12.pdf

 
   
Page 2 of 4
 
 

Partners

Coalition for Networked Information Logo
Library Copyright Alliance Logo
The Scholarly Publishing & Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) Logo