Close the Innovation Deficit One year after they launched a campaign to urge the US Congress and the President to close the nation’s innovation deficit, a group of prominent higher education, scientific, and business organizations, including the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), today renewed their call for increased federal investments in research to build a strong long-term economy, improve medical treatments, and strengthen national security. As Congress prepares to break for its August recess, leaving key FY 2015 funding decisions to be addressed in September, leaders from those organizations today are conducting a coordinated nationwide effort to communicate the need to close the innovation deficit.
(June 2014)We are pleased to publish the inaugural issue of the SHARE Update. As you may know, SHARE (SHared Access Research Ecosystem) is a higher education and research community initiative to ensure the preservation of, access to, and reuse of research outputs. The monthly e-newsletter is designed to provide stakeholders and other interested individuals with updates on our progress. The newsletter is also designed to make it easier for you to engage your own community—librarians, campus administrators, faculty, and others—to help them get a better sense of how SHARE can add structure and clarity to the research ecosystem.
The first issue of the SHARE Update includes an introduction by ARL executive director Elliott Shore, a roundup of what’s new and what’s next, and pointers to a few useful resources for learning more about SHARE.
Please subscribe to the SHARE Update and share (pun intended) it with anyone who might be interested.
On May 28, 2014, the US House of Representatives Science, Space, and Technology Committee passed the Frontiers in Innovation, Research, Science, and Technology (FIRST) Act of 2014, H.R. 4186. The bill seeks to reauthorize sections of the America COMPETES Act relating to the National Science Foundation, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and the Office of Science and Technology Policy. The bill is highly controversial and opposed by many organizations and institutions.
Presented at the 164th ARL Membership Meeting, May 2014, in Columbus, Ohio, by Kelvin K. Droegemeier
Presented at the 164th ARL Membership Meeting, May 2014, in Columbus, Ohio, by R. Michael Tanner
SHARE (SHared Access Research Ecosystem)image © COS and the Center for Open Science (COS), a Charlottesville, Virginia–based nonprofit technology start-up, have agreed to form a partnership to build the SHARE Notification Service, which will provide notice that research is available to the public.
SHARE is a collaborative initiative of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), created to ensure the preservation of, access to, and reuse of research results. The Notification Service, to be built over the next 18 months, is SHARE’s first project.
Close the Innovation DeficitOn April 29, 2014, the US Senate Appropriations Committee conducted a hearing on the “innovation deficit” in which the heads of the nation’s major research agencies jointly testified on the need for federal research investments to drive innovation and economic growth. ARL joined a group of 50 leading business, higher education, scientific, and patient organizations in submitting written testimony (PDF) that urged members of the committee to make strong, sustained investments in research in order to close the innovation deficit.
On March 24, 2014, ARL, SPARC, and 14 other organizations sent a letter (PDF) to Chairman Smith (R-TX) and Representative Johnson (D-TX) urging them to modify the Frontiers in Innovation Research, Science, and Technology (FIRST) Act of 2014 (H.R. 4186), which reauthorizes parts of the America COMPETES Act. The bill includes many deeply problematic provisions relating to the National Science Foundation (NSF) and also includes restricted provisions for public access to research results.
“SHared Access Research Ecosystem” article by Tyler Walters, dean of university libraries at Virginia Tech and co-chair of the SHARE Steering Group, and Judy Ruttenberg, program director at ARL, published in the March/April 2014 EDUCAUSE Review. View this article online on the EDUCAUSE Review website.
The SHARE notification service will gather information about research release events through both a direct push protocol and a harvest strategy. The service will then notify consumers of these events through free subscriptions to predefined channels of notices and by allowing searches of its digest of research release events. The notification service is only the first step along the road to SHARE's long-term vision of a robust repository ecosystem for research output. This document describes the notification service in detail.
On March 24, 2014, the Open Access Working Group (OAWG) sent a letter to the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology in opposition to Secion 303 of the Frontiers in Innovation, Research, Science, and Technology Act of 2014 (FIRST Act). The OAWG believes the language in Section 303 runs counter to the intent of the goals set forth in the original bill.
image © Niklas Wikström
The SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE)—a joint initiative of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU)—released on February 6, 2014, the SHARE Notification System Project Plan (PDF). The plan details the first in a series of activities to be undertaken by SHARE to ensure that scholarly research outputs are discovered and built upon in a manner that facilitates and accelerates the research process. The SHARE notification system is consistent with higher education’s ongoing mission to encourage community-driven solutions that increase public access to research and maximize knowledge creation.
The SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE) Notification System Project Plan, released February 6, 2014, details the first in a series of activities to be undertaken by SHARE to ensure that scholarly research outputs are discovered and built upon in a manner that facilitates and accelerates the research process.
image © Katie HarbathThe US House of Representatives and the US Senate on January 16 approved the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, which will fund the federal government through FY 2014. President Obama signed the legislation, averting yet another government shut down. The Consolidated Appropriations Act restores some but not all of the budget lines cut in the sequester.
This week, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is hosting Copyright Week, with each day devoted to a different issue. Copyright Week will last six days, ending on Saturday, January 18, the two-year anniversary of the Internet blackouts protesting the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the PROTECT IP Act (PIPA). ARL and 16 other organizations are participating in Copyright Week. Throughout the week, the participants will discuss key principles that should guide copyright policy.
On Monday, December 2, ARL joined others in the library community in submitting a letter to the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in regards to making its primary legal materials and publicly available comments accessible via the Government Printing Office (GPO) Federal Digital System, FDsys "in the event of a government shutdown or other circumstances that force the Commission's website offline."
Letter to the FCC (PDF)
image © University of DenverSpeakers’ slides from the ARL Membership Meeting and the ARL Fall Forum held October 9–10 and October 10–11 in Arlington, Virginia, are now on the ARL website. Several ARL Membership Meeting sessions built on recent discussions about strategic thinking and the future landscape for research libraries. This year’s ARL Fall Forum, “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise,” explored opportunities and collaborations in responding to the White House memorandum on “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research.” Available slides include:
Presented by Laine Farley on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
Presented by Kathleen Shearer on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
Presented by Karla Strieb on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
Presented by Rebecca Kennison on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
Presented by Lorcan Dempsey on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
Presented by Larry Lannom on October 11, 2013, at the ARL Fall Forum on “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise” in Arlington, Virginia.
image © Newtown graffitiSixty-six presidents and provosts of US universities and colleges sent a letter to Congress urging passage of public access legislation, Fair Access to Science and Technology Research, or FASTR. This legislation promotes the acceleration of scientific discovery by making articles reporting on publicly funded scientific research freely accessible online. The presidents and provosts stated, “we believe that this legislation represents a watershed and provides an opportunity for the entire U.S. higher education and research community to draw upon their traditional partnerships and collaboratively realize the unquestionably good intentions of the bill’s framers—broadening access to publicly funded research in order to accelerate the advancement of knowledge and maximize the related public good. By ensuring broad and diverse access to taxpayer-funded research the bill also supports the intuitive and democratic principle that, with reasonable exceptions for issues of national security, the public ought to have access to the results of activities it funds.”
image © Niklas Wikström
The Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has been awarded $50,000 from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to help develop the proposed SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE). SHARE is a joint initiative of ARL, the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) to collaboratively build a cross-institutional coordination framework for the long-term management and preservation of—and expansion of access to—the results of academic research. The initiative was made urgent by the February 22, 2013, memorandum from the US Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) directing federal agencies to develop draft plans for the public deposit of research articles and data sets associated with federal funding.
SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE) Tenets and Overview
image © University of DenverRegistration is open for the ARL Fall Forum 2013, “Mobilizing the Research Enterprise,” to be held in Arlington, Virginia, October 10–11. The program will explore the opportunities and collaborations in responding to the White House memorandum on “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research.” The forum will open with a keynote address by Richard McCarty, provost and vice chancellor for academic affairs, Vanderbilt University.
image © Niklas WikströmThe Association of Research Libraries (ARL), the Association of American Universities (AAU), and the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) today announced the formation of a joint steering group to advance a proposed network of digital repositories at universities, libraries, and other research institutions across the US that will provide long-term public access to federally funded research articles and data.
image © Right to Research CoalitionSPARC’s student initiative, the Right to Research Coalition, has released a video interview of Jack Andraka, a high school sophomore who won the 2012 Intel International Science and Engineering Fair with a breakthrough diagnostic for pancreatic cancer. Interviewed by Francis Collins, the director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Andraka discusses how open access articles and NIH’s PubMed Central played a key role in enabling his discovery.
The Association of American Universities (AAU), the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), and ARL have drafted a proposal in response to the OSTP memo: The SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE).
The proposal begins:
Research universities are long-lived and are mission-driven to generate, make accessible, and preserve over time new knowledge and understanding. Research universities collectively have the assets needed for a national solution for enhanced public access to federally funded research output. As the principal producers of the resources that are to be made publicly available under the new White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) memorandum, and that are critical to the continuing success of higher education in the United States, universities have invested in the infrastructure, tools, and services necessary to provide effective and efficient access to their research and scholarship. The new White House directive provides a compelling reason to integrate higher education’s investments to date into a system of cross-institutional digital repositories that will be known as SHared Access Research Ecosystem (SHARE)...
Comments and questions about the draft SHARE proposal (PDF) are welcome—please send e-mail to