The PRO IP Act (H.R. 4279) proposes to weaken the long established "one work" rule, which today imposes a measure of certainty on how copyright statutory damages are calculated. Under currentlaw, a copyright plaintiff may seek up to $150,000 per work infringed. In the case of compilations, the one work rule recognizes that the compilation is being marketed as one work, although it may in fact consist of multiple components. Section 104 of the PRO IP Act seeks to undo a central underpinning of statutory damages: ensuring that the damages award for infringement of a compilation does not result in catastrophic multiple awards through a separate award for each component of that compilation.