In June 2009, the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the Chief Officers of State Library Agencies (COSLA) retained Ithaka S+R to propose a comprehensive framework for the Federal Depository Library Program (“FDLP” or the “Program”) in response to changes in the environment for information dissemination and usage. New approaches must take advantage of the opportunities presented by today’s digital and networking technologies to deliver services to users more effectively, more broadly, and at lower cost. For this project, Ithaka S+R staff interviewed more than 80 individuals from 30 libraries, the Government Printing Office (GPO), and a number of other key organizations. The FDLP serves a variety of needs across a number of communities, and in this project Ithaka S+R has taken a systemwide perspective in an attempt to understand the needs of all stakeholders. This summary presents a high-level overview of the project’s interim findings and recommendations.