Orphan works are works whose copyright owners cannot be identified and located. Libraries and archives possess millions of orphan works in their collections, in the form of photographs, letters, manuscripts, drawings, and older books. These works often have great historic and cultural significance. However, because the copyright owners cannot be located, libraries cannot obtain the rights holders’ permission to make these works widely available to the public. This leaves libraries on the horns of a dilemma. Libraries can either disseminate the works and face the risk of the copyright owners demanding statutory damages and injunctive relief; or leave the works in archives, where few people can see them.